Georgian would be the closest to other Kartvelian languages, mainly Mingrelian, Svan and Laz (although I have heard that Svan is the hardest to understand as it can be quite archaic). The standard greeting ‘Hello’ in Georgian, ‘Gamarjoba’, means ‘victory’ and reflects country’s complicated past of endless attacks and war. Armenian is an Indo-European language, occupying its own branch upon the family tree (like Albanian, and like Greek, which only has one close living relative). ( Log Out / The daunting foreign vocabulary is not all, the modern Georgian alphabet, Mkhedruli, is also completely unique to the language. The Turkic languages originated in a region of East Asia spanning Western China to Mongolia, where Proto-Turkic is thought to have been spoken, from where they expanded to Central Asia and farther west during the first millennium. It is straightforward to learn.  1963. There are five level five languages (supposedly the most difficult), where they suggest 88 weeks (2200 hours) to reach proficiency; they are Arabic, Cantonese (Chinese), Mandarin (Chinese), *Japanese and Korean. If a word ends without a vowel, Georgians add letter I in the end, be it a foreign word or a foreign name and a surname. Ingush, Chechen, Avar) families to the north. "A new attempt to classify the Turkic languages I-III.". They suggest 44 weeks (1100 hours) to reach proficiency. ( Log Out / Armenian is an Indo-European language. In some cases the form given is found only in some dialects of the language, or a loanword is much more common (e.g. Some clarification is warranted, given the information presented in the above answer. Nine years in Georgia: the good and the bad. According to Thomas Wier, Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the Free University of Tbilisi, two things stand out. Georgian has borrowed many words from its neighboring countries and investors. Georgian one of the four hardest languages to learn. It is not clear when these two major types of Turkic can be assumed to have diverged. In the past some have described Mingrelian as a dialect of Georgian, but at present it is accepted as a distinct, albeit related, language of Georgian. Conferences on Turkic languages processing: Families with more than 30 languages are in, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 13:52. These languages are common in the western part of Georgia. 2016. The Turkic language family is currently regarded as one of the world's primary language families. When Georgians want to identify a person in a conversation, they say ‘that’ instead of he or she. , Extensive contact took place between Proto-Turks and Proto-Mongols approximately during the first millennium BC; the shared cultural tradition between the two Eurasian nomadic groups is called the "Turco-Mongol" tradition. Some linguists have speculated that the Hellenic (Greek, Pontic Greek), Armenian (Armenian only), and Indo-Iranian (including languages such as Farsi, Dari, Tajik, Pashto, and Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali) languages may have constituted a larger family in the past, but evidence for this proposal is very scarce. Change ). Qashqay Folktales. The name, like that of the modern country and like Alba, the Gaelic name of Scotland, is thought to come from the same Indo-Euopean root as "alp" and to mean "mountainous," not "white.". Starostin, Sergei A., Anna V. Dybo, and Oleg A. Mudrak. An extreme example is მწვრთნელი /mtsvrt’neli/ meaning “trainer” with 6 consonants in succession. Thank you for your answer Brennus, that was exactly what I was looking for.  The linguist Kabak (2004) of the University of Würzburg states that Turkic and Korean share similar phonology as well as morphology. Georgian belongs to a small language family which most linguists call "Kartvelian" along with three other languages which have very small speaking populations: Swan (or Svan), Mingrelian and Laz which is spoken mostly in northeastern Turkey. The Swans and Georgians are very ancient peoples both mentioned by the ancient Greeks. – Blog #2, A Decade of Living in Georgia: the Good and the Bad… – Blog #2, 11 Years of Living in Georgia: The Good and the Bad – Blog #2, Some Georgian Words I find difficult to Remember. , Turkic languages are spoken as a native language by some 170 million people, and the total number of Turkic speakers, including second language speakers, is over 200 million. Georgian is a category 4 language with an asterisk indicating that it is usually more difficult than other languages in the same category. Dolatkhah, Sohrab. But years of separation and adoption of other words has made them related, similar, and yet different. As I continue with this blog, I will explore and comment on resources I find. Those dialects still retain their unique features regarding morphology, syntax, vocabulary, and phonology, and are similar to each other. 1996. Learning 3rd language in 2nd or 1st language. The Georgian language was named one of the four hardest languages to learn for a foreigner along with Persian, Turkish and Icelandic. Some clarification is warranted, given the information presented in the above answer. At one time at least one of its dialects was written in the Greek alphabet, but it's not closely related to Greek or to the Slavic sub-family, as one might suppose from its location.
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