Reinhardt, D.; Pesce, E.R. Seren, Ü.; Grimm, D.; Fitz, J.; Weigel, D.; Nordborg, M.; Borgwardt, K.; Korte, A. AraPheno: A public database for Arabidopsis thaliana phenotypes. Embryo culture was probably the first tissue culture technique to be applied to plant improvement. Lall, S.; Nettleton, D.; DeCook, R.; Che, P.; Howell, S.H. ; Wang, M.; Bie, X.M. Identification of QTLs associated with tissue culture response through sequencing-based genotyping of RILs derived from 93-11 × Nipponbare in rice (Oryza sativa). ; Qi, P.F. Genetic components of root architecture remodeling in response to salt stress. ; Meyerowitz, E.M. Regeneration in plants and animals: Dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation, or just differentiation? In plants and in coelenterates such as the hydra and jellyfishes, missing parts are replaced by reorganization of preexisting ones. Liu, Z.; Li, J.; Wang, L.; Li, Q.; Lu, Q.; Yu, Y.; Li, S.; Bai, M.-y. Co-cultivation of callus, suspension cultures or leaf discs with Agrobacterium has been used to successfully transform many species, for example efficient systems have been described for major crop species such as potato, tomato and sugar beet. Ikeuchi, M.; Iwase, A.; Rymen, B.; Lambolez, A.; Kojima, M.; Takebayashi, Y.; Heyman, J.; Watanabe, S.; Seo, M.; De Veylder, L.; et al. Genera that have shown to be highly tolerant of fragmentation include Acropora, Montipora, Pocillopora, Euphyllia, and Caulastraea among many others. Ninety percent of all accessions held in germplasm collections are stored as seeds. ; et al. ; Park, S.Y. The use of in vitro screening to select for disease resistance is most effective for diseases which produce toxins.
Regeneration is the process that uses cell division to regrow body parts. There are several other mechanisms of natural fragmentation in plants. Dong, X.; Reimer, J.; Göbel, U.; Engelhorn, J.; He, F.; Schoof, H.; Turck, F. Natural variation of H3K27me3 distribution between two Arabidopsis accessions and its association with flanking transposable elements. ; Peres, L.E.P. Virus, insect and herbicide resistance in a range of species including tobacco, potato, tomato, lucerne and soybean have been successfully trialed in field conditions and are in the early stages of commercialisation. ; Worthen, J.M. Many of his references were patent applications or personal communications. ; Smets, R.; Van Onckelen, H.A. Protoplasts are easily damaged and regeneration of plants from them is very difficult with many species. Zhang, X.; Shiu, S.; Cal, A.; Borevitz, J.O. ; Li, X.G. Buechel, S.; Leibfried, A.; To, J.P.C. Effect of Cold Temperature on Shoot Regeneration in Vitro from Aged Cultures of GF-677 (Prunus Persica × Prunus Amygdalus).
De novo shoot organogenesis: From art to science.
Regeneration is different from reproduction. ; Márquez-López, R.E. Above the genetic level, regeneration is fundamentally regulated by asexual cellular processes. Embryo Culture Technique 3. Lang, Z.; Xie, S.; Zhu, J.K. High-temperature promotion of callus formation requires the BIN2-ARF-LBD axis in Arabidopsis. ; Hu, Y.; Xiang, F. Repression of callus initiation by the miRNA-directed interaction of auxin–cytokinin in. ; Singh, P.K. Received: 6 August 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020, (This article belongs to the Special Issue, Plant regeneration is essential for survival upon wounding and is, hence, considered to be a strong natural selective trait. Nameth, B.; Dinka, S.J. Marchadier, E.; Hanemian, M.; Tisné, S.; Bach, L.; Bazakos, C.; Gilbault, E.; Haddadi, P.; Virlouvet, L.; Loudet, O. This has lead to the development of new and improved genotypes by the addition of single genes that code for traits such as insect or disease resistance, or by the inactivation of single gene faults. ; Choi, C.Y.
Agrobacterium was thought incapable of infecting monocots, however recent notes describe Agrobacterium mediated transformation of rice, maize and barley which offer considerable potential. For example, the use of somatic cell cultures of rice did not lead to heritable salinity tolerance in the field; however, this was eventually achieved after in vitro selection of callus cultures initiated from immature ovaries and anther, culture-derived lines. Secondly, for highly heterozygous species, e.g.. dioecious papaya, it is preferable to conserve vegetative or clonal material. These can be divided into conditional factors and master regulators, posing the question of which established meristem determinants have specific roles in. Many lichens produce specialized structures that can easily break away and disperse. The wound is healed, and the neighbouring tissues reorganize themselves into whatever parts may have been cut off. Méndez-Hernández, H.A. Gupta, S.K. Examples of genotypes which had been released or were in field trials in the USA and Canada. Bhatia, P.; Ashwath, N. Effect of duration of light: Dark cycles on in vitro shoot regeneration of tomato. Prior to splitting, the animal may develop furrows at the zone of splitting. ; Jones, P.C.
Zhang, Y.; Wendte, J.M. Dovzhenko, A.; Dal Bosco, C.; Meurer, J.; Koop, H.U. Initial successes were in the development of disease, insect and herbicide resistant crops. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. ; Bishopp, A.; Kieber, J.J. Although significant progress has been made in elucidating the molecular framework and many potential QTLs have been identified, only a subset was mapped to specific genes. Rosspopoff, O.; Chelysheva, L.; Saffar, J.; Lecorgne, L.; Gey, D.; Caillieux, E.; Colot, V.; Roudier, F.; Hilson, P.; Berthomé, R.; et al. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Thus duplicate collections are advisable. Zhao, X.; Tan, H.J. In vitro collection is particularly useful for species that are vegetatively propagated and for those with recalcitrant seeds or embryos which deteriorate rapidly. )-)), +((!++(!!)+!!+!!+!!+!!+!!+!!+)+(+!!)+(!++(!!)+!!+!!+!!+!!+!!)+(!++(!!)+!!+!!+!!)+(!+-(!!))+(!++(!!)+!!+!!)+(!++(!!)-)+(!++(!!)+!!+!!)+(!++(!!)+!!))/+((!++(!!)-+)+(!++(!!)+!!)+(!++(!!)+!!)+(!++(!!)+!!+!!+!!+!!)+(+!!)+(!++(!!)+!!+!!+!!+!!+!!+!!)+(!+-(!!))+(!+-(!!))+(!++(!!)+!!+!!+!!+!!+!! Efficient regeneration from cotyledon protoplasts in Arabidopsis thaliana. ; Rong, X.F. Cell cultures that are resistant to increased salt (NaCl) in vitro do not necessarily produce regenerants which tolerate high salinity levels in soil. Regeneration in plants can be divided into several types, which are each manifested in a variety of forms: (i) the regeneration of a tissue structure lost by injury, (ii) the de novo generation of a new tissue or growth structure not present prior to injury, and (iii) regeneration of an entire plant from a single somatic cell (Figure 1 a–c). Because of the universality of the genetic code, potentially useful genes can be transferred to plants from any organism. Thioredoxin-mediated ROS homeostasis explains natural variation in plant regeneration. Negin, B.; Shemer, O.; Sorek, Y.; Eshed Williams, L. Shoot stem cell specification in roots by the WUSCHEL transcription factor. ; Liu, Y.B. Newer methods involve dehydration of cultures before rapid freezing by immersion in liquid nitrogen. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Many insects regenerate abnormally small legs from which some segments may be missing. ; Street, I.H. Piwowarczyk, B.; Kamińska, I.; Rybiński, W. Influence of PEG Generated Osmotic Stress on Shoot Regeneration and Some Biochemical Parameters in Lathyrus Culture. The authors declare no conflict of interest and the funders had no role in the writing of the manuscript or in the decision to publish the results. In vitro culture offers some major advantages for conservation and use of plant genetic resources. Sugimoto, K.; Gordon, S.P. Motte, H.; Vercauteren, A.; Depuydt, S.; Landschoot, S.; Geelen, D.; Werbrouck, S.; Goormachtig, S.; Vuylsteke, M.; Vereecke, D. Combining linkage and association mapping identifies RECEPTOR-LIKE PROTEIN KINASE1 as an essential Arabidopsis shoot regeneration gene. Plant stem cells and de novo organogenesis. WUSCHEL acts as an auxin response rheostat to maintain apical stem cells in Arabidopsis. ; writing—review and editing, D.G. Gordon-Kamm, B.; Sardesai, N.; Arling, M.; Lowe, K.; Hoerster, G.; Betts, S.; Jones, T. Using Morphogenic Genes to Improve Recovery and Regeneration of Transgenic Plants.
Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Regeneration occurs in many, if not all vertebrate embryos, and is present in some adult animals such as salamanders. If a rooted shoot becomes detached from the colony, then fragmentation has occurred. These included chlorsulfuron and imidazilinone resistance in canola, imidazilinone resistance in corn, high solids and Fusarium race 2 resistance in tomato, a white flowered form of lucerne, potato virus Y resistance in tobacco and fall armyworm resistance in sorghum. PLETHORA genes control regeneration by a two-step mechanism. Che, P.; Lall, S.; Howell, S.H. ; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, X.S.
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